All off-road driving terrain presents its own challenges to the driver. This is part of what makes off-roading so challenging and exciting. Becoming an experienced off-road driver requires knowing how to handle each of the challenges different terrain present. It is especially important to know how to drive successfully in mud and sand. Each of these elements present different types of challenges to the driver and knowing how to handle them will make you a better off-road driver.
When driving in sand and mud it is recommended that always maintain steady momentum to help safely propel vehicle. It is important that you choose a gear that is not too low for mud driving. Using too low of a gear in mud will only cause your tires to spin and you will just be wasting time. If your wheels begin to spin simply ease of the gas and let the tires get their traction again. If you’re driving in sand it is recommended to use a lower gear, especially early in the morning when sand is still firm.
If you are driving through the mud on a trail that has a lot of ruts, it is important that you always know which way your front wheels are pointing at all times. Keeping track of the location of your wheels will help you steer your vehicle and keep it from following ruts that may lead to a dangerous situation. Following established ruts in muddy terrain is a good way of knowing which way was successful for other drivers, but you also want to always be in control of your vehicle.
When driving on sand it is suggested that you follow the proper driving technique for the type of sand you are currently driving on. If you are on wet sand you want to be very careful. Wet sand may contain areas of floating sand or quicksand and these situations can become dangerous if you are not prepared for them.
If you are driving in a sandy area that features sand dunes, it is recommended that you do not attempt to drive over them. You should always go around them, you can’t be too sure of how stable and what dangers may be hidden under the sand.